A Essay On Reconstruction During The Civil War

Johnson was often criticized by the Radical Republicans in Congress for being too favorable to the Southern states, by giving amnesty to former Confederate officials and opposing legislation that protected former slaves.

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It was to repair the North and South, politically, socially, and economically.

It was also to rejoin the South back into the union, as it had succeeded during the civil war.

This may sound great and a wonderful achievement, however these amendments were soon forgotten in the South.

In 1877, the right to was effectively stripped from the black males.

Although Lincoln and Johnson made considerable concessions to the South during their terms, extremist Southern states like South Carolina kept denying the outcome of the war by attempting to reinstitute Blacks into slave-like conditions through unfair laws.

Unreasonable “Jim Crow” laws, Black Codes, and poll taxes sought to replicate the conditions of slavery for Blacks in the post-Civil War South by promoting discrimination and segregation.This included acceptance of the 14th and 15th Amendments, guaranteeing the right of citizenship and suffrage to Black American males.Furthermore, the Radical Republicans started the first United States welfare agency, the Freedman’s Bureau, proving food, clothing, and education for freed slaves.The wealthy whites in the South made sure that black males could not vote.They created poll taxes that black males had to pay.However, after the Radical Republicans took control of the Reconstruction, harsher “punishments” were inflicted on the Southern states to make them accept new laws protecting blacks.In many Southern states, military governments were established until the states accepted the terms of re-entry into the Union.Once the Radical Republicans in Congress took over the Reconstruction the Blacks gained more civil rights and the Southern states were treated more harshly than before.The definitive goal of Reconstruction was to secure rights for Blacks and reunite the Union as effectively as possible, though there was disagreement as to how best this should be done.When Abraham Lincoln was in charge of the Reconstruction he worked to reunite the Union as quickly as possible.His lenient Ten-Percent Plan allowed easy re-entry into the Union for previous Confederate states; when ten percent of the voters who had voted in the Election of 1860 pledged loyalty to the Union, that state would be allowed re-entry.


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