Page numbers and quotations found throughout this guide refer to this publication.
Only the most frequently used examples are included here.
This resource provides detailed guidelines for citing sources in your paper and includes examples of in-text citation for reference by research authors.
When using APA format, follow the “author-date” method of in-text citation.
For journal articles, these are replaced with the journal title, volume number, issue number and page number.
The basic structure is: Writer surname, initial(s) (Writer), & Director surname, initial(s) (Director).
APA (American Psychological Association) is the style the formatting style most used to cite sources within the social sciences and in several other academic disciplines.
In research papers, in-text citations are most commonly used in the Introduction and Results sections.
Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions.
If you have questions not covered here, check in the style guide listed above, ask your course coordinator, or ask at Academic Q A.