They believe they are being tasked to interpret intent of the design professional without clear direction, to complete coordination across several discipline-specific document sets, and sometimes to undertake actual engineering of those components.In these authors’ experience, contractors define this apparent lack of direction and coordination as “defective plans and specifications,” going as far in their claims as to say deferred or collaborative design is design avoidance.Recently, the Canadian Construction Association (CCA) initiated a national conversation about the quality of documents.
This means design responsibility is delayed or deferred until the construction phase of the work.
The construction community has identified the need for explicit communication to contractors from architectural and engineering firms, clearly and completely describing design requirements presented within specifications that do not form a part of standard services for engineering and design.
And just as creating a reliable test takes thoughtfulness and skill, so does creating meaningful and effective assignments.
Undoubtedly, many instructors have been on the receiving end of disappointing student work, left wondering what went wrong…
Online Resources “Creating Effective Assignments” site, from the University of New Hampshire's Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning, provides a brief overview of effective assignment design, with a focus on determining and communicating goals and expectations.
“How to Create Effective Assignments for College Students.” tilt.colostate.edu/retreat/2011/This PDF is a simplified bulleted list, prepared by Dr.
Full acknowledgement of deferred design components is the responsibility of the architect/engineer of record ( the registered professional of record [RPR]), giving full disclosure to clients relating to transfer of responsibility for design solutions to the constructor.
Why attention to deferred design matters Contractors are raising concerns about the level of detail and direction on drawings and specifications associated with deferred or collaborative design responsibilities they are expected to undertake.
Librarians can help with this process (e.g., suggest strategies for mitigating roadblocks, place books on reserve, suggest other resources, design customized supporting materials like handouts or web pages).
As discussed in Part 1 of this series, recent changes such as downward pressure on professional fees have resulted in transfer of responsibility for many design solutions to the constructor.