Given the essential role of the social contract in any study of social and criminal justice, the concept of commutative justice is central but sometimes overlooked.
The proper response to people who have acted unjustly is a matter of retributive justice.
In this paper will examine a broad range of private and public responses (e.g., laws, policies, programs, and individual behaviors) to the problem of homelessness in America and examine responses in depth from the perspectives of virtue ethics and distributive, commutative, and retributive justice, evaluating competing and conflicting views about the appropriateness of private and public responses to the problem of homelessness and present a balanced conclusion about the justness of each response.
Following Aristotle’s lead, we should distinguish among distributive justice, com-mutative justice, and retributive justice.
Additionally, the number of homeless young adults, aged 18 to 24, is growing, giving homelessness a new face (Saulny, 2012).
With regard to the problem of homelessness, some people perceive a call for greater human compassion, while others demand more effective social policy and more comprehensive public health services.Note the overlap here of social justice (public satisfaction) and criminal justice (crime prevention), and of moral justice (consequences) and legal justice (restitution). Some theorists have suggested alternatives to retributive justice, including restorative justice and transformative justice. In this view, the interests of the would-be people and the homeless must be compared with the interests of the larger community. Having difficulties with choosing your research topic?Virtue theory addresses the shortcomings of each theory of distributive justice by insisting that in any given case we must distribute public health services in a way that is neither deficient nor excessive. The deadlines are pressing and you have no time to handle all your academic assignments?This appears to be a difficult but not impossible task. Homeless Families and the Housing Crisis in the United States. Still others insist on greater individual responsibility and more respect for the needs of business, reinforced by aggressive criminal justice responses. Surveys conducted over the past two decades have demonstrated that homeless Americans are exceptionally diverse and include representatives from all segments of society the old and the young; men and women; single people and families; city dwellers and rural residents; whites and people of color; and able-bodied workers and people with serious health problems. Veterans, who are among the most honored citizens in our society, appear in substantial numbers among the homeless, as do former criminal offenders and illegal immigrants. Commutative justice is about formal and informal contracts. In the United States, some people say that the proper purpose of punishment is rehabilitation. A useful definition is that commutative justice “calls for fundamental fairness in all agreements between individuals or private social groups” (U. Other suggested purposes for punishment include preventing the offender from offending again, revenge, restitution, deterring others from committing a similar offense, and various combinations of these purposes.