Cigarette Taxes Research Paper

Cigarette Taxes Research Paper-32
Cigarette price elasticity in low-income or middle-income countries usually ranges between − 0.5 to − 1.05 [8,9,10,11].However, elasticity is reportedly much lower (− 0.25 to − 0.5) in high-income countries, where cigarette affordability tends to be comparatively higher [8, 12, 13].

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Excise tax increases have a significant effect on the reduction of smoking prevalence and the number of averted smoking-attributable deaths.

Middle- and upper-middle income countries would be most affected by high-taxation policies.

The framework went into effect in 2005 and aims at the reduction of global tobacco use through price (tax) and non-price related measures as well as efforts to curb illicit tobacco trade.

Mechanisms for scientific and technical cooperation and exchange of information assist participating parties to address tobacco control issues more effectively than previous global WHO tobacco control initiatives [6].This study investigates the effects of price increases on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 22 low-income as well as middle-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region.Using panel data from the 1999–2015 Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we applied fixed effects regression models of panel data to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and to simulate the effect of price fluctuations.The number of averted smoking-attributable deaths (SADs) would be the highest in China, followed by Indonesia and India.In total, over 17.96 million lives could be saved by tax increases.Moreover, more than half of the world’s smoking-addicted population resides in the Asia-Pacific region.The reduction of tobacco consumption has thus become one of the major social policies in the region.Since the signing of the WHO framework convention (FCTC), low- and middle-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region have substantially increased tobacco taxes.Nevertheless, tobacco taxation has remained below the WHO FCTC declared best-practice tax rate of over 75% of retail price (Table 1) [7].We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .


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