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Cigarette price elasticity in low-income or middle-income countries usually ranges between − 0.5 to − 1.05 [8,9,10,11].However, elasticity is reportedly much lower (− 0.25 to − 0.5) in high-income countries, where cigarette affordability tends to be comparatively higher [8, 12, 13].
Excise tax increases have a significant effect on the reduction of smoking prevalence and the number of averted smoking-attributable deaths.
Middle- and upper-middle income countries would be most affected by high-taxation policies.
The framework went into effect in 2005 and aims at the reduction of global tobacco use through price (tax) and non-price related measures as well as efforts to curb illicit tobacco trade.