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In this lesson, we'll review some critical care patient scenarios and case studies. As such, they are cared for in a hospital's intensive care unit (ICU).
So you're interested in becoming a critical care nurse. There are several different types of ICUs, including cardiac, trauma, medical, surgical, neurological, even pediatric and neonatal.
Critically ill patients are those who are cared for in a hospital's intensive care unit and need breathing tubes, blood pressure stabilization medication, and frequent monitoring.
Caring for critically ill patients requires assessment, intervention, communication, and treatment.
The healthcare provider should be notified of your findings.
Blood cultures need to be drawn to identify the microorganism causing the infection.
The patient will need IV fluids to bring her blood pressure back up and IV antibiotics to begin fighting the infection.
This is a common scenario in any ICU and can have a good outcome.
Unfortunately, with a head injury, there's not much room for swelling other than the opening at the base of the skull, the foramen magnum.
This is where the brainstem sits, which is responsible for regulating the heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing.