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This allows the writer to fully acknowledge her/his sources, without significantly interrupting the flow of the writing.As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name(s) (surname only) of the author(s) and the date of the publication.The publisher's name is normally on a book's main title page, and often on the book's spine too.
It is often the name which is written on the spine of the volume, and if you remember this it may be easier for you to remember which is the appropriate title to highlight.
The three examples above cover the most common publication types.
The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above.
The title of the book should be formatted to distinguish it from the other details; in the example above it is italicised, but it could be in bold, underlined or in inverted commas.
The format for the text citation is normally exactly the same as for a published work and should give the speaker's name and the date of the presentation.
If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below. comm.' stands for personal communication; no further information is usually required.This information is usually included in brackets at the most appropriate point in the text. 44) believe that the willingness of adults to learn is affected by their attitudes, values and self-image and that their capacity to learn depends greatly on their study skills.Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text (in this instance a book) and so a page number has been added.Do not forget that you should also include reference to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work.If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: You may need to cite an unpublished idea or discussion point from an oral presentation, such as a lecture.These details should include: For particularly important points, or for parts of texts that you might wish to quote word for word, also include in your notes the specific page reference.* Please note that the publisher of a book should not be confused with the printer.This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing.It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work.It is essential that you acknowledge your debt to the sources of data, research and ideas on which you have drawn by including references to, and full details of, these sources in your work.Referencing your work allows the reader: Whenever you read or research material for your writing, make sure that you include in your notes, or on any photocopied material, the full publication details of each relevant text that you read.