Jainchill looks at the long-term effects of the 1685 revocation of the Edict of Nantes, which granted toleration to France protestant Huguenot population, for the 1789 revolution.
Instead, these essays merely, if at times brilliantly and convincingly, ask historians to look for such factors “beyond France’s borders” (p. The middle section has the most confusing title--“‘Internal’ Dynamics”--even if its essays are some of the best.
In his tightly argued and widely supported chapter, Nelson encourages readers to think about the role of the “long history of colonialism” during the French Revolution (p. He shows how revolutionary leaders such as Grégoire seized on the idea of “regeneration” (p.
I hope Davidson is pursuing the topic further, especially any effects of interaction between the two movements.
The book’s third section is called “Consequences” and yet again I found this moniker misleading and reckon it may have more appropriately, if blandly, been labeled “Case Studies.” Ian Coller begins with an analysis of the French invasion of Egypt that, although he does not directly contradict the Orientalist orthodoxy of Edward Saïd (, 1978) aims to show the political and economic links between Egypt and France prior to conquest, and the similarities between Egypt and other French-conquered territories.
That said, Coller’s overarching message--that Egypt proved that the idea of the Grande Nation along with its emancipatory aims could be global in reach--is a great one.
Miranda Spieler and Rafe Blaufarb provide two more global case studies, in South and North America, respectively.However, the French government paid higher rates than other governments, for a variety of reasons, and (for some of the same reasons) it was particularly vulnerable to speculation.Thus, in a similar conclusion to that of Kwass, Hunt finds that the credibility more so than the balance sheet of the French state was in the greatest distress: the “combination of speculative excesses and the linking of them to the government ...She goes on to investigate the connections in language and culture between revolutionary-era feminism and abolitionism.Although this seemed to me a simple and perhaps obvious pairing, the more I thought about it the more I realized its simplicity is deceptive.She examines what France stood to gain by this action, wittily characterizing her analysis not as asking “what your country can do for foreigners” but rather “what foreigners can do for your country” (p. I will not try to lay out her sophisticated analysis in a pithy sentence or two--not for lack of her own clarity, on the contrary, but instead because I doubt I would do it justice. Davidson’s essay “Feminism and Abolitionism: Transatlantic Trajectories” is the last chapter in part 2.I will, however, highlight her depiction of the “hybrid construction” of revolutionary universality through an interaction between local and specific peoples rather than simply on the level of high Enlightenment philosophy, which is in my opinion the best conceptual gem for how to approach a global perspective in this book (p. She describes how the Declaration of the Rights of Men opened up questions about the application of rights to both women and slaves.The first part of the book looks at the origins or causes of the Revolution in a global context, which is the clearest of the three divisions.In chapter 1, Kwass describes how French participation in the global economy, and particularly the regulation of New World tobacco and Asian cloth, promoted smuggling and clandestine trade.He argues that this “underground economy” stimulated popular protest, thereby delegitimizing state institutions that proved in desperate need of reform (p. His essay, which seemed to me a clever but not overwrought twist on Robert Darnton’s treatment of the “literary underground” (, 1982) included some fascinating insights--for example, that tax rebellions linked to repression of contraband trade were the most common form of revolt in France between 16.Hunt’s contribution in chapter 2, “The Global Financial Origins of 1789,” also contains moments of great perspicacity.