English Civil War Essays

As Charles was short of money to fight the Scots, he had to recall Parliament in 1640 as only they had the necessary money needed to fight a war and the required authority to collect extra money.In return for the money and as a display of their power, Parliament called for the execution of “Black Tom Tyrant” – the Earl of Strafford, one of the top advisors of Charles. Parliament also demanded that Charles get rid of the Court of Star Chamber.James expected Parliament to do as he wanted; he did not expect it to argue with any of his decisions.

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This was historically a tax paid by coastal towns and villages to pay for the upkeep of the navy.

The logic was that coastal areas most benefited from the navy’s protection.

His conceit and arrogance were eventually to lead to his execution. They were locked out for eleven years – a period they called the Eleven Years Tyranny. To raise money for the king, the Court heavily fined those brought before it. If they refused to do so, they were fined the same sum of money it would have cost for a title anyway!

In 1635 Charles ordered that everyone in the country should pay Ship Money.

As in our last number, Guizot once again adopts a very sympathetic interpretation of people and events, though he takes pains to balance his narrative with criticism.

As a practitioner of history, Guizot was a child of Enlightenment rationalism—his history was the product of steady, consistent, and highly capable archival research and mountains of evidence.

Someone close to the king had already tipped off Parliament that these men were about to be arrested and they had already fled to the safety of the city of London where they could easily hide from the king. If Charles was prepared to arrest five Members of Parliament, how many others were not safe?

Even Charles realised that things had broken down between him and Parliament.

However, as a firm believer in the “divine right of kings”, such a relationship was unacceptable to Charles.

In 1642, he went to Parliament with 300 soldiers to arrest his five biggest critics. Here was Charles attempting to arrest five Members of Parliament simply because they dared to criticise him.

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