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Of the people living in Nepal, 25 percent are living below the poverty line, having just U. Rates of disease, malnutrition and child mortality are high. This makes Nepal one of the poorest countries in the world.Fortunately, Nepal has experienced slight economic growth in the past few years.
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This is mainly due to unequal distribution of resources such as land, social discrepancy, and lack of access to basic social and economic structures.
Government has been giving the first priority to the reduction of poverty since eighth five year plan (1992).
The poverty being cause as well as consequence of food insecurity, similar is the situation of food insecurity as well.
Indicators of food insecurity became worse once the country shifted from being food self-sufficient even net food exporter till late 1970s to food deficit country since the early 1980s.
However, such decline in incidence of poverty was achieved at the cost of increased inequality.
The gini coefficient increased from 0.24 in the year 1984/85 to 0.41 in 2003/04.
But the government’s programs are failed to reach the target population.
For instance government programs represent less than 10% of the national food deficit.