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In fact, it might just be as much a problem for atheism. At the very least, it's the most famous bit of the dialogue so it get's a name. Euthyphro's Dilemma, but it wouldn't be interesting if it were only, but it wouldn't be interesting if it were only a problem for Euthyphro's particular way of thinking, and believing.
Why introduce such a complicated legal case and then not make these complications the focus of the dialogue?
When I'm criticizing my student's papers, I often make this point.
Euthyphro thinks it's all so plain and simple, he's so straight. Socrates asks Euthyphro, what kinds of things people always fight about and just can't come to an agreement about? In terms of what it is that they tend to fight about. But they didn't go to war over whether 100 plus 200 equals 300. The title of the movie 300 is a little bit misleading, that way. I'm going to love this movie I'm so sick of watching people fight. Leonidas screams at the Persians, this is mathematical data. If it really is just math, people don't scream about it. Consider, as an alternative, the myth of the Judgment of Paris.
If your only tool is the hammer of Thor, every problem starts to look like a nail. That's a big concession, please note, the gods are like us. You'd think from the title that it was going to be about something very objective and scientific. Paris, back then was not the city, but a mortal Greek who was supposed to have very fair judgment.
He was considered a very wise man by the Athenians.
However there were men in power who did not care for him or his teachings; Claiming that he corrupted the Athenian youth and did not believe in the Greek gods, Socrates was put on trail. Socrates says that Euthyphro’s arguments “go around in a circle, . .[and that] either we were wrong when we agreed before, or, if we were right then, we are wrong now. If it is dear to one god, is it not dear, to another? Is piety a sort of trading skill between gods and men?The videos cover the same material, but the presentation is different.) The book is offered free in PDF form - the whole thing, and individual chapter slices. The strategy is to make a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary approach. Suppose a friend asks you for advice: ' I think dad murdered someone. ' Probably you wouldn't pull down the dictionary and look up 'holiness', right? So that's why Euthyphro and Socrates end up focusing on holiness so much. If that's just a function of blood-phobia running in some kind of primitive religious overdrive, maybe what is justice or just what is legal, would of been a better question. Euthyphro sets forth three or four or five accounts of holiness. Prosecuting murders, prosecuting temple robbers, stuff like that. Athena and Poseidon fight over who gets to be patron of Athens. It's obvious what the problem is here for Euthyphro. The Greek gods looked much like people and acted like them, too, only they were taller, handsomer and could do no wrong. They acted like people, only they could do no wrong.It is also available in print and other e-editions. The course is suitable for beginning students of Plato and philosophy, but is intended to offer something to more advanced students as well. Lots of contemporary connections, to make the weird bits intuitive; plus plenty of ancient color, still bright after all these years. But there's no reason you can't skip over and around to find whatever seems most interesting. Depending on how you count them and Socrates knocks em all flat, one after the other. In my book I don't even list this as a definition. As Socrates points out, we want something more like a rule to cover any case that might arise. In my textbook, on page 109, I make some pretty good jokes about a Euthyphrobot, some sort of detector that lights up in the presence of anything holy. Obviously an example on its own, doesn't count as a functioning scientific instrument. During the Panathenaic festival, the biggest religious event in Athens. And when they aren't fighting other circles, the Olympians fight within their own little circle. If what some God loves is holy, then a lot of stuff is going to turn out to be both holy, and unholy, because some other God hates it or is willing to fight about it. That's sort of like, it was shaped like a circle, only it was a square. Maybe there's something a bit childish about Euthyphro or Greek religion? There were athenian shrines outside of Athens, all over Greece. Those other places all had their own Athenas, and their own stories about her.We'll start the next video With Euthyphro's dilemma. Did you accidentally type holy twice there at the beginning? Lets end this one with a little quiz, which poses it. In this course we study the ancient, Socratic art of blowing up your beliefs as you go, to make sure they're built to last. Socrates was the teacher, but he said he never did.We spend six weeks studying three Platonic dialogues - "Euthyphro", "Meno", "Republic" Book I - then two weeks pondering a pair of footnotes to Plato: contemporary moral theory and moral psychology. Plato was the student who put words in his teacher's mouth. We have a book: the new 4th edition of "Reason and Persuasion", by the instructor (and his wife, Belle Waring, the translator.) It contains the Plato you need, plus introductory material and in-depth, chapter-length commentaries. John Holbo knows better than to read his book to the camera. Mostly the dialogue concerns 2) but 1) is there for a reason. This lesson also contains quite a bit of background about ancient Greek religion and law.[BLANK_AUDIO]. Realizing this may even make you more sure that what is holiness is just the wrong question somehow. Okay first, Euthyphro says, holiness is doing what he's doing and other stuff like that.And there is a Zeus who fits the bill, in terms of his attitudes, he's the Zeus who looks out for strangers and guests. Maybe he's a mix of two Zeuses, the lightning guy and the guest guy. And oh, and there's also all those other gods. Now, presumably, two few things will be able to win the unanimous election that takes to the either holy or unholy Euthyphro thinks there may be a couple like murder is wrong.But Socrates points out that everyone will agree that murder is wrong, yes.They just won't agree about which cases are murder.No one goes to court and says, Your Honor I shouldn't be punished because murder is great. But I'm innocent, I didn't do a terrible thing.