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A survey published in 2007 compared the authors of 44 research protocols promoted by the pharmaceutical industry with authors of published articles with the results of such research and found evidence of ghostwriting in 33 studies (75%).
To ensure transparency in the publication of articles and fight against scientific fraud, the editors of various journals meet regularly and implement initiatives to achieve these purposes, such as the use of specific software programs to detect plagiarism With initiatives like this, the editors of scientific journals seek to standardize the criteria to identify cases of scientific fraud and to be pro-active.
The most common ethical issues that the editors of (especially the so-called “hidden” or “covert” publications, which are carried out without the knowledge of the journals’ editors and without cross-referencing the original document) and partial publications or In the following paragraphs, we deal with some ethical issues raised in that document, such as integrity in research, criteria for authorship of scientific articles, and conflicts of interest, and, lastly, we provide a list of ethical requirements for articles to be submitted for review for publication in Most authors and institutions do not address the topic of integrity in research because they have no doubt that the scientific community follows good practice guidelines.
Furthermore, the reputation of the other members of the laboratory is tarnished as a result.
One growing concern in our environment in terms of authorship of scientific articles is the so-called ghost writing.
This is an issue in which there is no precise “ethical borderline” and where a balance needs to be found between scientific stringency, free from manipulation for personal or business purposes, and the opportunity for industry and institutions to have the ability to develop new products, equipment, and technologies and make their findings visible in the scientific community.
That is, the reader of an article should be able to precisely understand the relationship that exists between the author of a study, the subsequent findings, and the company or entity that will directly or indirectly be affected by them.This pressure to publish has led some authors to fall into the trap of lowering the ethical quality of their research, which in some cases results in scientific fraud.In this respect, we must remember that the publication process is based on credibility, truth, authenticity, and scientific honesty.At the origins of science, the only motivation in scientific research was simple curiosity, the desire to know more about something specific.Nowadays, the relationship between science and society has changed.Moreover, they do not declare any conflicts of interest that could occur with the financial compensation they receive from the companies.People who contribute substantially to the manuscript but do not appear among the authors are known as ghost writers.Current research requires material and human resources that are very costly from an economic standpoint, and therefore depends on financing from public administration or private companies with very specific interests.In this context, scientists must compete for the resources to conduct research and publish the results as soon as possible to further their scientific reputation in the investigated subject matter, which is the only way to secure funding sources for future research.The credibility issues arise because in many of these articles one cannot identify the persons responsible for a particular aspect of the investigation or its publication.it was impossible to identify anyone who conducted the data analysis.