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An anonymous work known as De Pascha Computus (243) linked the idea that creation began at the spring equinox, on March 25, with the conception or birth (the word nascor can mean either) of Jesus on March 28, the day of the creation of the sun in the Genesis account.
In the early 19th century, Christmas was reconceived by Washington Irving, Charles Dickens, and other authors as a holiday emphasizing family, children, kind-heartedness, gift-giving, and Santa Claus.
Christmas was promoted in the East as part of the revival of Orthodox Christianity that followed the death of the pro-Arian Emperor Valens at the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
All the major events of Christ's life, especially the passion, were celebrated on this date.
In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul mentions Passover, presumably celebrated according to the local calendar in Corinth.
King Herod orders the massacre of all the boys less than two years old in Bethlehem, but the family flees to Egypt and later returns to Nazareth.
Christmas played a role in the Arian controversy of the fourth century.Early Christians celebrated the life of Jesus on a date considered equivalent to 14 Nisan (Passover) on the local calendar.Because Passover was held on the 14th of the month, this feast is referred to as the Quartodecimal.Angels proclaimed him a savior for all people, and shepherds came to adore him.Matthew adds that the magi follow a star to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus, born the king of the Jews.The feast was introduced in Constantinople in 379, in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the fourth century, There are those who have determined not only the year of our Lord's birth, but also the day; and they say that it took place in the 28th year of Augustus, and in the 25th day of [the Egyptian month] Pachon [May 20] ...Further, others say that He was born on the 24th or 25th of Pharmuthi [April 20 or 21].A feast central to the Christian liturgical year, it is preceded by the season of Advent or the Nativity Fast and initiates the season of Christmastide, which historically in the West lasts twelve days and culminates on Twelfth Night; and forms an integral part of the holiday season centered around it.The traditional Christmas narrative, the Nativity of Jesus, delineated in the New Testament says that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, in accordance with messianic prophecies.The date of the passion was moved to Good Friday in 165 when Pope Soter created Easter by reassigning the Resurrection to a Sunday.According to the Calculation hypothesis, celebration of the quartodecimal continued in some areas and the feast became associated with Incarnation.