This section provides a brief overview of communist ideology in the European and Russian contexts and includes information on the rise of the Soviet Union under Vladimir Lenin and its continuation under Joseph Stalin. Video: Karl Marx and , which he wrote with Friedrich Engels in 1848.
It concludes with an explanation of the tensions that surfaced at the end of World War II between the United States and the U. The manifesto emphasized the importance of class struggle in every historical society, and the dangerous instability capitalism created.
The military quickly lost control of the situation, and the Czar was forced to abdicate.
The Imperial Parliament formed a provisional government, but Vladimir Lenin’s Bolshevik party overthrew it in October 1917.
As General Secretary under Lenin, he also oversaw brutal military actions throughout the civil war and led the 1921 invasion of Georgia to overthrow an unfriendly social-democratic government.
Team Problem Solving Exercises - Joseph Stalin Research Paper
In Georgia, Stalin took the lead in establishing a Bolshevik regime in the country hard-line policies that forcefully repressed any communist opposition.He also established the Cheka, a secret police force to defend the success of the Russian Revolution and censor and control anti-Bolshevik newspapers and activists.Following two failed assassination attempts, Lenin, following a suggestion from a military leader named Joseph Stalin, authorized the start of the Red Terror, an execution order of former government officials under the Czar and Provisional Government, as well as the royal family.For the next several decades, fed-up lower class workers and peasants held tight to the legacy of the 1848 revolutionaries and communist ideology waiting for the right moment to capitalize.Communism was adopted in Russia after the Russian Revolution, a series of revolutions that lasted throughout 1917.However, when the Bolsheviks gained only 25 percent of votes in the 1917 elections, Lenin overturned the results and used military force to prevent democratic assembly.He established several state-centered government programs and policies that would continue, in some form, throughout the reign of the Soviet Union.His plan for national economic recovery, the GOLERO Plan was the first of this type and was designed to stimulate the economy by brining electricity to the whole of Russia.Lenin established a national free healthcare system and free public education.For centuries leading up to World War I, Russia was ruled by an absolute monarchy under which the lower classes had long suffered in poverty.This tension was exacerbated by the nationwide famine and loss of human lives as a result of World War I.