Therefore the 4th of July was IIII Nones July (ie four days before the Nones - the calculation is inclusive, so both the 4th and the 7th are counted).
Although every month had an Ides in the middle, the date chosen by Caesar’s murderers was nevertheless significant.
They do note, however, that some people were spreading the story that Caesar had gasped, “καὶ σὺ, τέκνον? ” It is, perhaps, one of Shakespeare’s most famous lines and, as a direct result, “the Ides” has come to mean a date of doom. In Rome’s impossibly complicated calendar, every month had an Ides.
Although Monty Python spelled out many of the Romans’ achievements, a user-friendly dating system was not among them.
At the great festival of Lupercalia on the 15th of February 44 B. While priests were running around the Palatine Hill hitting women with thongs to make them fertile, Spurinna was chewing over a terrible omen.
The following day, the haruspex oversaw another sacrifice in the hope it would give cause for optimism, but it was just as bad: the animal had a malformed liver. In grave tones, Spurinna warned the dictator that his life would be in danger for a period of 30 days, which would expire on the 15th of March. Although in his scramble for political power he had been made the chief priest of Rome (Pontifex Maximus), he was a campaign soldier by trade, and not bothered by the divinatory handwringing of seers like Spurinna.Traditionally, the Roman year started on the 1st of March, meaning the Ides was the first full moon of the year.It was a major celebration, and the festival of Anna Perenna, the goddess of the cycle of the year.In the English-speaking world, we know a slightly different story, thanks to Shakespeare.He lifted Caesar’s dramatic dying words, “Et tu, Brute?As the 30 days passed, nothing whatsoever happened.Yet when the 15th of March dawned, Caesar’s wife awoke distressed after dreaming she held his bloodied body.Persuaded by his friend, soldier to soldier, Caesar agreed to go in person to announce the meeting would be postponed.Shortly after, a slave arrived at Caesar’s house to warn him of the plot against his life. A short while later, a man named Artemidorus of Cnidus pushed through the jostling crowds and handed Caesar a roll setting out details of the plot.” from an earlier play by Richard Edes, and made them a part of the assassination mythology.In reality, most Roman writers state that Caesar said nothing, but merely pulled his toga up over his face. (Many Romans of all classes were bilingual, with the more educated frequently preferring to speak Greek.) Most famously, however, Shakespeare does away with Spurinna, the venerable entrails-gazer, and instead invents a soothsayer in a crowd, who shouts the famous prophetic warning to Caesar, “Beware the Ides of March!