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Attitudes toward outgroups may serve different psychological functions for persons with extrinsic and intrinsic orientations.
A Beliefs factor accounts for another 5% of the total variance.
It is argued that scales assessing attitudes toward lesbians and gay men should restrict their content to items loading highly on the Condemnation-Tolerance factor.
Intrinsics, however, tended to be more prejudiced against gay people than were extrinsics.
It is suggested that an intrinsic orientation does not foster unequivocal acceptance of others but instead encourages tolerance toward specific groups that are accepted by contemporary Judeo-Christian teachings.
The importance of distinguishing attitudes toward lesbians from those focused on gay men is also addressed.
This paper reports a series of factor analyses of responses to attitude statements about lesbians and gay men.
In Study 2, an objectively-scored method, the Attitude Functions Inventory (AFI), was developed and used to assess the functions served by attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and toward persons with three stigmatizing disabilities: AIDS, mental illness, and cancer.
In the AFI, the Self-Expressive function observed in Study 1 was subdivided into Social-Expressive and Value-Expressive functions. Theoretical and methodological implications for future research are discussed.
Past research on the relationship between religious orientation and prejudice against out-groups has focused on racism.
A greater tendency toward racist attitudes has been found among persons with an extrinsic religious orientation, whereas an intrinsic orientation has sometimes been associated with tolerance.