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Bryce:“Politics is the conduct of public affairs for private advantage”.Hillman:“Politics is the science of who gets what, when and why.”Bottomore:“Political institutions are concerned with the distribution of powers in society.”Garner:“The meaning of the term “politics” is confined to that of the business and activity which has to do with the actual conduct of affairs of the State.” In short, political science begins and ends with the state.
Despite this, one may attempt an analysis of a few standard definitions that have been found in the literature on Political Science.
Meaning and Definition of Political Science: Many books have been written on Political Science by the eminent writers and different definitions have been given.
But in recent times, political science has ceased to be merely a science of the ‘State-craft and eloquence’.
The scope of the subject has become so wide that it has become difficult to define ‘Political Science’.
The Oxford English Dictionary defined it as “the science and art of government, the science dealing with form, organisation and administration of the state or part of one with the regulation of its relation with other States”.
This diversity in defining Political Science is due to the varying scope of Political Science in different times.
One may further examine some standard definitions of Political Science, given by eminent political scientists.
Gettell:“Political Science deals with the associations of human beings that form political units, with the organization of their governments and with activities of these governments in making and administering law in carrying on inter-state relations.”Caitlin:“For the text books, politics means either the activities of political life or the study of these activities.
Lasswell regards political science as “policy science’.
He gives a positivist and non-normative meaning to the definition of politics.