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Mill stated that utilitarianism is hand in hand with the natural sentiments that originate from the social nature of people.Therefore, people would view these standards as morally binding if the society were to embrace utilitarianism.Dissected and debated since its first appearance, the essay is Mill's key discussion on the topic and remains a fundamental text in the study of ethics.
According to Mills pleasure can differ in terms of quantity and quality.
Also pleasures that are very important to one should be should be weighed more heavily as opposed to the ones that are less important.
Despite of this, he states that in the field of science certain truths still have meaning even if the principle behind them is not understood.
However, in other fields such as ethics such truths or statements has very little validity.
Mill has argued a lot about utilitarianism with the aim of making people to better understand and appreciate the theory of utilitarianism and also prove it is a moral theory.
However, according to him utilitarianism cannot be proven.
John Stuart Mill depicts the concept of utilitarianism as a philosophical theory with regard to doing what is right and wrong and how they result in happiness and being unhappy.
Mills further defines happiness as the pleasure and absence of pain.
According to John the main base of morality is happiness and people always desire happiness.
He supported this statement through proving that other objects of desires of people were either means to achieve happiness or include the definition of happiness.