Nestorian Order Essay

Nestorian Order Essay-65
If the Church jealously safeguards the true divinity of Christ, she is no less intransigent upon his real humanity; for the one no less than the other is revealed by God, the one no less than the other is essential to the work of the Redemption.Comparatively little space will be devoted in the present essay to the purely scriptural basis of our faith in the divinity of Christ, in the first place because for those who accept the gospels as the inspired word of God, as all Catholics do, it is enough to read a few pages of the gospel of St.

If the Church jealously safeguards the true divinity of Christ, she is no less intransigent upon his real humanity; for the one no less than the other is revealed by God, the one no less than the other is essential to the work of the Redemption.Comparatively little space will be devoted in the present essay to the purely scriptural basis of our faith in the divinity of Christ, in the first place because for those who accept the gospels as the inspired word of God, as all Catholics do, it is enough to read a few pages of the gospel of St.

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He refers to God as his Father, and when he has occasion to associate himself with us he seems careful to preserve the distinction between our sonship and the much higher relationship in which he himself stands to God We are the sons of God by adoption, partakers of the divine nature, as St.

Peter calls us, because we are destined by divine supernatural favor to enjoy that vision of God which is naturally proper to God himself alone.

If God truly became man, while remaining God, one might say of him that God died on the cross, that he was born of the Virgin Mary, that Mary was the mother of God, that Christ, who was passible and mortal according to his humanity, was omnipotent, eternal, the Creator of all things, according to his divinity.

Some modern historians have tried to show that Cyril was actuated chiefly, if not solely, by motives of jealousy in his opposition to Nestorius; the latter being represented as the champion of orthodoxy, unjustly persecuted by his powerful rival in Alexandria.

He came forth from God into the world as the light into the darkness, to reveal the Father to mankind and to enable men to be born again as the adopted sons of God, raised by Gods favor to be brethren of Christ, the only-begotten of the Father.

These errors take the form either of denying the true humanity of Christ or of rejecting his true divinity, and in either form they had a more or less continuous history during the first four centuries of the Christian era.

In the endeavor to make a compromise between Christianity and their philosophical tenets they taught that Christ had not a real body, but merely the appearance of a body, thus reducing the whole of Christs human life to a pretence; hence the name given to these heretics, the Docetists (from a Greek word meaning to appear). John wrote his Gospel to prove the divinity of Christ, and it is to this sect that he refers in his first epistle as the antichrist who denies that Jesus is the Son of God (ii 22, 23).

Certain Jews who set the angels higher than Jesus are refuted by St. Forasmuch as the two substances The mention of the see of Antioch makes it opportune at this point to call attention to the two great theological schools of Alexandria and Antioch, which played so important a part in the Christological conotroversies of the fifth century.

It may not, however, be out of place here to remind the reader that these men were, as far as we know, sincerely groping after a precise statement of the scriptural truth that Christ is both God and man.

Nevertheless, in spite of the exuberant terms in which Theodore extols the union of Christ with God, it remains that Christ and God are two different persons; God was in Christ, but Christ was not God.

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