S172804 Checked for plagiarism Yes Review by Single-blind Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak Peer reviewer comments 4 Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer Department of Health Economics, Fudan University, School of Public Health, Shanghai, China Objectives: The Chinese government launched the two-child policy in 2015 to counteract the demographic changes, skewed sex ratio, and decreasing number of labor force.The policy shift has a significant impact on all levels of society and economy.
The women were interviewed by social science students, using a 26-item interview targeting the women’s decision-making, expectations, and wishes with regard to the two-child policy.
Results: The contributors include the status of women, career, benefits, and challenges of two children, one-child generation, governmental support, and restrictions of reproductive freedom.
The acquired knowledge may serve as a prognosis for the child policy’s future development and used to target perinatal care and education of health care specialists, essential to governmental planning and resource allocation.
Keywords: Chinese child policy, perinatal health, reproduction, women, decision-making Introduction In 2015, China shifted from one-child policy introduced in 1979 to two-child policy.
14973 Issued in May 2009 NBER Program(s): Children Many believe that increasing the quantity of children will lead to a decrease in their quality.
This paper exploits plausibly exogenous changes in family size caused by relaxations in China's One Child Policy to estimate the causal effect of family size on school enrollment of the first child.Bulletin on Retirement and Disability Bulletin on Health including Archive of Lists of Affiliates' Work in Medical and Other Journals with Pre-Publication Restrictions Archives of Bulletin on Aging and Health Digest — Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month Reporter — News about the Bureau and its activities.Accepted for publication 26 July 2018 Published 25 October 2018 Volume 20 Pages 639—648 DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.The detailed investigation of causes and effects of the policy are essential to target resources properly and prepare the different system and institutions to the change.The child policy shift will contribute to a change in the constitution of the Chinese society.further hypothesized that the economic and social penalties for noncompliance to the policy probably kept women from seeking the important obstetric care services that could contribute to reduce the increased risk of mortality for unapproved pregnancies.The effect of China’s one-child policy on prenatal and obstetric care utilization will expectantly change and drive women to seek more perinatal care.In Shanghai, the Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning To deal with the strains on the health care system partly due to releasing the one-child policy, the government has promised to provide an additional 89,000 maternity hospital beds and to train an extra 140,000 obstetricians and midwives.After over 30 years of having just one child, to shift to two children is going to change the society in remarkable ways, especially as the one-child-policy propaganda has created a norm for Chinese families to only have one child.The policy shift is intended to countermeasure the demographic development of an aging population, skewed sex ratios, and a shrinking labor supply.The mechanisms the policy put into place are unique for the present time of change and bring the health care system and education under pressure to meet the new challenges.