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Instead, it constitutes a kind of argument for why the research question is worth addressing.
Like any effective argument, the literature review must have some kind of structure.
For example, it might begin by describing a phenomenon in a general way along with several studies that demonstrate it, then describing two or more competing theories of the phenomenon, and finally presenting a hypothesis to test one or more of the theories.
At the end of the meeting, the friend’s mother was asked whether she had any questions.
She replied that she only had one question: “Should I tip? 3) Although both humour and personal anecdotes are generally discouraged in APA-style writing, this example is a highly effective way to start because it both engages the reader and provides an excellent real-world example of the topic under study.
The title should clearly and concisely (in about 12 words or fewer) communicate the primary variables and research questions.
This sometimes requires a main title followed by a subtitle that elaborates on the main title, in which case the main title and subtitle are separated by a colon.The dining room was described as similar to a fine restaurant except that tipping was not required.The absence of tipping was a central theme in the orientation lecture, mentioned frequently to emphasize the quality of care along with the advantages of having paid in advance.An APA-style research report begins with a title page.The title is centred in the upper half of the page, with each important word capitalized.191) The following would be much better: The individual who holds two beliefs that are inconsistent with one another may feel uncomfortable. Giving readers a clear sense of what the research is about and why they should care about it will motivate them to continue reading the literature review—and will help them make sense of it.For example, the person who knows that he or she enjoys smoking but believes it to be unhealthy may experience discomfort arising from the inconsistency or disharmony between these two thoughts or cognitions. Breaking the Rules Researcher Larry Jacoby reported several studies showing that a word that people see or hear repeatedly can seem more familiar even when they do not recall the repetitions—and that this tendency is especially pronounced among older adults.In this section, we look at how to write an APA-style empirical research report, an article that presents the results of one or more new studies.Recall that the standard sections of an empirical research report provide a kind of outline.In some areas of psychology, the titles of many empirical research reports are informal in a way that is perhaps best described as “cute.” They usually take the form of a play on words or a well-known expression that relates to the topic under study.Here are some examples from recent issues of the Journal Psychological Science.