Stalemate On The Western Front Essay

Stalemate On The Western Front Essay-38
French commander in chief thought the Western Front was the only battle worth fighting.The British thought that the war in the east against the Ottoman Empire was very important and so the military priorities of Britain and France often clashed.By 1917 the growing sense of despair and lack of purpose (the political purposes had been lost amid the death and destruction caused by the war and by the never ceasing deadlock) caused widespread discontent in the French and Russian armies.

French commander in chief thought the Western Front was the only battle worth fighting.The British thought that the war in the east against the Ottoman Empire was very important and so the military priorities of Britain and France often clashed.By 1917 the growing sense of despair and lack of purpose (the political purposes had been lost amid the death and destruction caused by the war and by the never ceasing deadlock) caused widespread discontent in the French and Russian armies.

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Reprisals against Germans in Britain, mass enlistment in the British Empire, and Christmas at the front lines.

Shell shock was a mental illness which caused soldiers to lose the will to fight after prolonged exposure to enemy fire.

“Parting from my wife,” he wrote, doubting that he would survive the trenches, “was like a death.”The 24-year-old Tolkien arrived in time to take part in the Battle of the Somme, a campaign intended to break the stalemate between the Allies and Central Powers. The first day of the battle, July 1, produced a frenzy of bloodletting.

That day, 100 years ago, remains the most lethal in Britain’s military history.

The descriptions of battle scenes in “The Lord of the Rings” seem lifted from the grim memories of the trenches: the relentless artillery bombardment, the whiff of mustard gas, the bodies of dead soldiers discovered in craters of mud.

In the Siege of Gondor, hateful orcs are “digging, digging lines of deep trenches in a huge ring,” while others maneuver “great engines for the casting of missiles.”On the path to Mordor, stronghold of Sauron, the Dark Lord, the air is “filled with a bitter reek that caught their breath and parched their mouths.” Tolkien later acknowledged that the Dead Marshes, with their pools of muck and floating corpses, “owe something to Northern France after the Battle of the Somme.”In a lecture delivered in 1939, “On Fairy-Stories,” Tolkien explained that his youthful love of mythology had been “quickened to full life by war.” Yet he chose not to write a war memoir, and in this he departed from contemporaries like Robert Graves and Vera Brittain.The Allies were concerned with protecting the port cities and ensuring that aid from Britain continued to arrive.The British made a stand at , the battles at Ypres and Passchendaele have gone down in history.Germans tried and failed to outflank British and French armies by sweeping north.After the failure of this, they went for the English Channel to seize ports instead.Using telephones, flares, signal lights, pigeons and runners, he maintained communications between the army staff directing the battles from the rear and the officers in the field.According to the British historian Martin Gilbert, who interviewed Tolkien decades later about his combat experience, he came under intense enemy fire.The town had been the centre of battles before due to its strategic position.The sheer devastation of the town and the surrounding countryside seems to perfectly summarise the futility of battles fought in The First World stabilisation of the fronts including the First Battle of Ypres in the West; Austrian defeats in Serbia and in Galicia in the East.His aim was to produce a modern version of the medieval quest: an account of both the terrors and virtues of war, clothed in the language of myth.In “The Lord of the Rings,” we meet Frodo Baggins and Samwise Gamgee, Hobbits of the Shire, on a fateful mission to destroy the last Ring of Power and save Middle-earth from enslavement and destruction.

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