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The "weak AI" thesis claims that machines, even if they appear intelligent, can only simulate intelligence [Bringsjord 1998], and will never actually be aware of what they are doing.
In a Star Trek episode entitled, "Measure Of A Man," a villainous cybernetics researcher obtains authorization to dismantle Data, the android, to learn more about its construction.
This action is met by Data's friends with resistance, and a legal battle ensues to determine whether Data is a life form with rights.
The prevailing attitude, in favor of weak AI, asserts that "the syntax of the program is not by itself sufficient for the semantics of the mind" [Baumgartner 1995, quoting Searle].
The apparent failure of traditional (strong) AI has led researches to consider new computing paradigms.
In this parable, Searle demonstrates that although the system may appear intelligent, it in fact is just following orders, without intent or knowledge of what it is accomplishing.
Searle's argument has been influential in the AI community and is referenced in much of the literature.Advocates of a view called "strong AI" believe that computers are capable of true intelligence.These "optimists" argue that what humans perceive as consciousness is strictly algorithmic, i.e.Still, there are those who cling desperately to the strong AI dream.Searle says in [Baumgartner 1995] that these people have built their professional lives on the assumption that strong Artificial Intelligence is true. Then you do not refute it; you do not convince its adherents just by presenting an argument.One rule, for example, instructs him that when squiggle-squiggle is passed in to him, he should pass squoggle-squoggle out.So far as the person in the room is concerned, the doodles are meaningless.a program running in a complex, but predictable, system of electro-chemical components (neurons).Although the term "strong AI" has yet to be conclusively defined [Sloman 1992], many supporters of strong AI believe that the computer and the brain have equivalent computing power, and that with sufficient technology, it will someday be possible to create machines that enjoy the same type of consciousness as humans.Some supporters of strong AI expect that it will some day be possible to represent the brain using formal mathematical constructs [Fischler 1987].However, strong AI's dramatic reduction of consciousness into an algorithm is difficult for many to accept.