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The conclusion is important in clarifying the identity of the new nation, as well as defining the powers granted to the new government.
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. history, document that was approved by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and that announced the separation of 13 North American British colonies from Great Britain.
Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work! It explained why the Congress on July 2 “unanimously” by the votes of 12 colonies (with New York abstaining) had resolved that “these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be Free and Independent States.” Accordingly, the day on which final separation was officially voted was July 2, although the 4th, the day on which the Declaration of Independence was adopted, has always been celebrated in the United States as the great national holiday—the Fourth of July, or conflict between Britain and the 13 colonies (the nucleus of the future United States), the Americans claimed that they sought only their rights within the British Empire.
Or, was the United States a strong centralized nation in which the powers of the whole were stronger than the powers of each individual state?
The Declaration states that the colonists have pledged mutual allegiance, but does that mean the pledge will continue beyond the war effort?
The new nation is not only named in this conclusion as the United States of America, but its authority is defined as well.
The conclusion serves to establish the authority of the Second Continental Congress over issues of international affairs, war and peace, and trade.
At that time few of the colonists consciously desired to separate from Britain.
As the American Revolution proceeded during 1775–76 and Britain undertook to assert its sovereignty by means of large armed forces, making only a gesture toward conciliation, the majority of Americans increasingly came to believe that they must secure their rights outside the empire.
The document was prepared, and on July 1 nine delegations voted for separation, despite warm opposition on the part of Dickinson.
On the following day at the Pennsylvania State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, with the New York delegation abstaining only because it lacked permission to act, the Lee resolution was voted on and endorsed.