He was heavily influenced by the Hinduism and Jainism of his devoutly religious mother.
She impressed on him beliefs in non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for purification, and respect for all religions.
Gandhi expected Britain to grant India independence after World War I.
When it did not happen, Gandhi called for strikes and other acts of peaceful civil disobedience.
When the Boer legislature passed a law requiring that all Indians register with the police and be fingerprinted, Gandhi, along with many other Indians, refused to obey the law.
He was arrested and put in jail, the first of many times he would be imprisoned for disobeying what he believed to be unjust laws.While in jail, Gandhi read the essay “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau, a 19th-century American writer.Gandhi adopted the term “civil disobedience” to describe his strategy of non-violently refusing to cooperate with injustice, but he preferred the Sanskrit word satyagraha (devotion to truth).In 1888, Gandhi sailed to England and studied to become a lawyer.His first job for an Indian company required that he move to South Africa.Gandhism is a body of ideas that describes the inspiration, vision and the life work of Mohandas Gandhi.It is particularly associated with his contributions to the idea of nonviolent resistance, sometimes also called civil resistance.Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi remains a critical reference point to discern plurality of ideas like Satyagraha, Ahimsa and the doctrine of means and ends.The contemporary relevance of the ideas of Gandhi provides a foundation to the discipline of peace studies. in Political Science is a two-year full time programme offering 16 courses (both compulsory and optional) of four credits each, evenly taught over four semesters.The British sometimes struck back with violence, but Gandhi insisted Indians remain non-violent. But as the movement spread, Indians started rioting in some places. He drew heavy criticism from fellow nationalists, but Gandhi would only lead a non-violent movement. At one trial he said, “In my humble opinion, non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good.” When he was released, he continued leading non-violent protests. He opposed dividing the country into Hindu and Muslim nations, believing in one unified India.When India finally gained independence, the problem became how Hindus and Muslims would share power. In May 1947, British, Hindu, and Muslim political leaders, but not Gandhi, reached an agreement for independence that created a Hindu-dominated India and a Muslim Pakistan.