Thesis On Sanitation Management Models

Thesis On Sanitation Management Models-6
Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics to assess the respondents’ knowledge, attitude and practices of environmental sanitation.Results: The results revealed that the mean age of the respondents’ was 37.0 ± 2.2 with a male to female ratio of 1:1.2.

Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics to assess the respondents’ knowledge, attitude and practices of environmental sanitation.Results: The results revealed that the mean age of the respondents’ was 37.0 ± 2.2 with a male to female ratio of 1:1.2.

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The second stage involved using simple random sampling by balloting to select two enumeration areas from each of the 3 selected semi-urban autonomous communities based on the Nigerian 2006 census enumeration area delineation.

The third stage involved the selection of one participant from the individual household or business premise within the selected enumeration areas in the respective communities.

Now, the trend in the promotion of sanitation is progressively moving from the emphasis on centrally planned sanitation infrastructure to a demand led approach that empowers people to change behaviour and improve their own sanitation [3] .

In this regard, simple health interventions such as hygiene and sanitation promotion in the prevention of diarrhoea have been central to the demand led approaches such as sanitation marketing, community led total sanitation and community health clubs; which begins with, and it is based on influencing peoples’ attitude, what they know, do and want [13] .

Despite high awareness about environmental sanitation (95.0%) reported among the respondents, proportion of them with good knowledge about environmental sanitation (22.9%), attitude (38.6%) and practice (20.8%) towards environmental sanitation was low.

The mean quantity of waste generated per week per household or business premise was 14.1 ± 0.94 kg with a majority of the respondents (80.0%), not separating their waste before disposal.

Environmental sanitation generally includes the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of waste, the maintenance of hygienic conditions and the prevention of diseases [1] .

So it is a key public health intervention that is essential for social and economic development especially in developing countries.

Methods: A cross sectional descriptive design using a multistage random sampling technique to select 426 participants from households and business premises in semi-urban communities in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State.

Data was collected using a pretested, semi structured, interviewer administered questionnaire.

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