According to Tooker the first major group of arguments supporting the influence thesis stemmed out due to the idea that American political thoughts such as freedom and democracy were lifted from the Indian democratic government.Evidences of such can be seen from various literatures more specifically those explaining the history, origin and purposes of the Improved Order of Red Men.
According to Tooker the first major group of arguments supporting the influence thesis stemmed out due to the idea that American political thoughts such as freedom and democracy were lifted from the Indian democratic government.Evidences of such can be seen from various literatures more specifically those explaining the history, origin and purposes of the Improved Order of Red Men.Tags: Qualitative Research Proposal ExamplesRedefining Luxury A Review EssayIn Vitro Antioxidant Activity ThesisGambling Research PaperOutside Eden Essays Of EncouragementSolving Systems Of Equations By Substitution Word ProblemsGood Dissertation ExamplesProblem Solving Techniques PsychologyPre Written Papers OnlineEssays On Consumerism In The United States
Abstract The Iroquois influence thesis on the American constitution which paved the way for the controversial theory of the Iroquois Confederacy and Great Law of Peace was pioneered by Donald Grinde Jr. For the purpose of this research, the paper aims to prove that: The Iroquois League influenced the framing of the American Constitution.
The influence thesis has been very controversial due to certain criticisms of the proponents’ logic of the study and treatment of its sources.
According to the aforementioned, they have seen traces of Iroquois thought on the words of famous leaders such as Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams (590). According to Hewitt there are two distinct passages which are very vital in terms of the verification of the influence thesis.
The proponents of the thesis also argued that the influence thesis could be even traced back as early as the 19th century wherein William E. The first one came from Onondaga who is the chief of Canastego at his speech on the 1744 Treaty Council at Lancaster Pennsylvania.
In addition with this, they also did not have an idea about expressing their own thoughts in relevant matters in relation with their government.
According to Sheehan (1937 as cited from Tooker 1988, 307), the old Sons of Liberty came across of their idea of democracy from “wild savages who roamed the forest at will rejoicing in the unrestrained occupation of this great new world” (307).Albeit even this is the case, the academic community still questioned the influence thesis more particularly its proponents.According to Tooker her review of the historical and ethnographic evidences that serves as the foundation of the influence thesis contains no bearing in order to provide a robust argument in the advancement of the claim of Iroquois influence in the creation of the American constitution (Tooker 1988, 305).The Improved Order of Red Men is a fraternal organization that came into existence during the Revolution of the Sons of Liberty (Tooker 1988, 301).Sheehan (1937 as cited from Tooker 1988, 307) said that the old Sons of Liberty during the Colonial times are devoid of knowledge about the authentic American liberty since all of them have lived under the rule of a monarch.Elisabeth Tooker asserted that Grinde and Johansen’s logic and study of the Iroquois political culture was a result of a scholarly misapprehension.According to Tooker upon review of the League of the Iroquois, one can deduce based from the review of the documents used that there are no support pertaining to the claim that can support the influence thesis.This is evident on instances wherein the “white mean” were often denied of the right for a fair trial by the jury and were often given by huge and unjust taxes (307).On the other hand, the second major argument could be lifted from the proponents of the influence thesis: Grinde and Johansen. Hewitt who is a Smithsonian Institution ethnologist and Tuscarora (591).Consequently, the second group of arguments focused on the political influences of the Iroquois League that largely came about due to the supposed Franklin-Canastego connection as evident on the certain passages that show similarities between their words.In relation with this, it has also been theorized that the Albany Plan of Union was a result of Franklin’s meeting with the Iroquois.