was found delinquent, and was put on probation for one year.
The Vernonia School District in Oregon noted a precipitous rise in drug and alcohol abuse at school.
However, he and his parents refused to sign a consent allowing for Acton to be tested under the drug policy.
As a result, Acton was not allowed to play football.
The administrator contacted the police who, in turn, contacted T. As such, school authorities do not need to obtain a warrant or have probable cause that a crime occurred before searching a student. First, the Court concluded that the search was justified at its inception. Although the Court held that the Fourth Amendment applied to the school administrator’s actions, the court ultimately determined that his actions in this case did not violate the Fourth Amendment.
However, the students’ expectation of privacy must be balanced against the needs of school authorities to maintain an educational environment. Second, the Court noted that the discovery of rolling paper provided reasonable suspicion that T. Since the school administrator’s actions were justified at the inception and were reasonably related in scope to the circumstances that justified the interference, the search was reasonable. was a 14-year-old female student at a New Jersey high school. The teacher brought the two students to a school administrator, who questioned each of them. Justice Brennan, joined by Justice Marshall, concurred in part and dissented in part. However, he emphasized that the need for school authorities to immediately respond to threats to safety and to protect the education environment would justify a special exception from the Fourth Amendment’s warrant and probable cause requirements for school searches.After trying a number of informational and disciplinary efforts to curb the student drug problem, the school district ultimately created the Student Athlete Drug Policy.The school district invited input from the district’s parents in formulating the policy.The drug policy allowed for random urinalysis screening for all students in the district who participated, or wished to participate, in the school’s athletic programs.Seventh-grader James Acton, signed up to play football in the district. However, he disagreed with the Court’s holding that reasonable suspicion as opposed to probable cause should be the test for determining whether such searches may be permitted. Supreme Court found that the school administrator’s actions in T. O.’s case did not violate the Fourth Amendment to the U. Constitution as applied to the states through the 14th Amendment. dealing with the authority of school officials to search students’ possessions at school. O.’s purse, and found a small plastic bag containing a grass-like substance and items that could be drug paraphernalia, including a pipe, a wad of money, a piece of paper with the names of students who apparently owed T. Justice Brennan, joined by Justice Marshall, agreed with the Court’s finding that the Fourth Amendment applies to public school teachers and that school officials may generally search students without a warrant.