The section on « Sexual intimidation and symbolic violence » was part of a seminar I presented at UPNG in 1985 in the seminar series « The changing roles of women in Papua New Guinea ».It drew almost no comment from the large audience of academics of both sexes, national and expatriate.Tags: Bplan Business PlanShort Essay On Animal CellEssays Sympathy EmpathyThesis Data Analysis SectionFha Case Number AssignmentDissertation Fellowships Social ScienceCritical Thinking Activities For Middle SchoolProcess Of Writing An Essay
Numerous studies have shown that children growing up with violence are more likely to become survivors themselves or perpetrators of violence in the future.
One characteristic of gender-based violence is that it knows no social or economic boundaries and affects women and girls of all socio-economic backgrounds: this issue needs to be addressed in both developing and developed countries.
The Bank supports over $300 million in development projects aimed at addressing GBV in World Bank Group (WBG)-financed operations, both through standalone projects and through the integration of GBV components in sector-specific projects in areas such as transport, education, social protection, and forced displacement.
Recognizing the significance of the challenge, addressing GBV in operations has been highlighted as a World Bank priority, with key commitments articulated under both IDA 17 and 18, as well as within the World Bank Group Gender Strategy.
Decreasing violence against women and girls requires a community-based, multi-pronged approach, and sustained engagement with multiple stakeholders.
The most effective initiatives address underlying risk factors for violence, including social norms regarding gender roles and the acceptability of violence.
In a slightly different form I gave this paper at two conferences, the American Anthropological Association's 1991 annual conference and the Matrilineality and Patrilineality conference at the University of Minnesota, 1992.
I am grateful for helpful comments at the History of Women's Workshop, University of Minnesota, 1993, and thank the editors of the present volume for their constructive comments. Department of Anthropology, College of Liberal Arts, Minneapolis.
Increasing violence towards women thus becomes encompassed within an explanation of male angst and confusion in the face of rapid change and acculturation.
In this essay I follow a somewhat different trajectory, leading to two intransigent propositions at the very core of these turbulent events.