Write A Short Essay On Causes And Effects Of Deforestation

Deforestation in the current scenario may have reduced however it would be too early to assume. This will curb total depletion of the forest cover. Also the cutting must be replaced by planting young trees to replace the older ones that were cut.The money-churner that forest resources can be, is tempting enough for deforestation to continue. Trees are being planted under several initiatives every year, but they still don’t match the numbers of the ones we’ve already lost. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment.With the world growing at a pace hard to match, the increasing need for space is turning out to be an area of concern.

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Fires, whether causes by man or nature results in huge loss of forest cover. Climate Imbalance: Deforestation also affects the climate in more than one ways.

Trees release water vapor in the air, which is compromised on with the lack of trees.

Over the last century the forest cover around the globe has been greatly compromised, leaving the green cover down to an all time low of about 30 per cent.

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest are lost each year.

Some predictions state that the rainforests of the world will be destroyed completely if deforestation continues at its current pace. Deforestation or clearance occurs due to several reasons, to get an overview we could include the need of money, both in terms of profitability as well as providing for one’s family in most scenarios, along with lack of or no forest laws, need for land space for housing etc among a long list of other uses.

Mainly blamed on agricultural or pastoral use, farmers fell trees for increasing space for cultivation and/or as fodder land for grazing and surviving live stock.The whole concept of ‘slash and burn’ agriculture, is used to indicate this same process where farmers employ the above chain of actions for their purposes. Agricultural Activities: As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the major factors affecting deforestation.Due to overgrowing demand for food products, huge amount of tress are fell down to grow crops and for cattle gazing. Logging: Apart from this, wood based industries like paper, match-sticks, furniture etc also need a substantial amount of wood supply.Trees also provide the required shade that keeps the soil moist.This leads to the imbalance in the atmospheric temperature further making conditions for the ecology difficult.Deforestation in simple term means the felling and clearing of forest cover or tree plantations in order to accommodate agricultural, industrial or urban use.It involves permanent end of forest cover to make that land available for residential, commercial or industrial purpose.With constant deforestation the ratio of green house gases in the atmosphere has increased, adding to our global warming woes. Soil Erosion: Also due to the shade of trees the soil remains moist.With the clearance of tree cover, the soil is directly exposed to the sun, making it dry. Floods: When it rains, trees absorb and store large amount of water with the help of their roots.Many industries in petrochemicals release their waste into rivers which results in soil erosion and make it unfit to grow plants and trees. Mining: Oil and coal mining require considerable amount of forest land.Apart from this, roads and highways have to be built to make way for trucks and other equipment.


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